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Volume 5 , Issue 2 , December 2021 , Pages: 37 - 44
Economic Impacts of Local Park Visitor Spending on Local Communities: A Case of Mississippi Parks
Juwon Choi, Department of Apparel, Merchandising, Interior Design, & Hospitality Management, North Dakota State University, Fargo, USA
Hyeongjin Jeon, Department of Apparel, Merchandising, Interior Design, & Hospitality Management, North Dakota State University, Fargo, USA
Received: Aug. 3, 2021;       Accepted: Aug. 17, 2021;       Published: Aug. 24, 2021
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijhtm.20210502.12        View        Downloads  
Abstract
Local parks serve not only as recreational venues but are often an engine of communities’ economic development. Economic impact analyses provide tangible estimates of economic interdependencies and a better understanding of who benefits from and pays for tourism. Accordingly, this study quantified the economic impacts of visitor expenditures at local parks in Mississippi operated by the Pat Harrison Waterway District (PHWD). Both intercept and online survey methods were employed to collect visitor data from eight parks, and the data were analyzed with the IMPLAN software package to determine economic impacts attributable to visitor spending. On average, per visitor spending at the PHWD parks was $126.28. Visitors’ total local purchasing in the PHWD areas was estimated to be approximately $5.1 million annually. Visitor spending in the PHWD areas was expected to generate: $4.4 million of output, representing revenue plus certain taxes; 68.48 jobs with $1.4 million of labor income; $2.9 million of value added to the gross regional product. The results indicated that visitor expenditures are a significant economic stimulus in a region. In particular, the dollars spent on recreational equipment and supplies, followed by campgrounds and groceries, provided a strong boost to the local economy. The implications of the study are also addressed on the basis of the results.
Keywords
Local Park, Visitor Expenditure, Economic Impact
To cite this article
Juwon Choi, Hyeongjin Jeon, Economic Impacts of Local Park Visitor Spending on Local Communities: A Case of Mississippi Parks, International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Management. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2021, pp. 37-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ijhtm.20210502.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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